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Bhoopali

Return to the main Ragas page

Introduction

Bhoopali is one of the five oldest ragas, along with Megh, Shree, Malkauns and Hindol. It is thought to be 4,000 years old.

Arohi: SRGPDS
Avarohi: SDPGRS
Time = Evening
Vadi = Ga
Samvadi = Pa
Vivadi = Dha
Rasa = Bhakti, Shanti

Vivadi means the enemy. Some ragas have notes you use only sparingly. Hover on it too long and the essence of the raga is broken. Rasa is the feeling of the raga; in this case bhakti (devotion), and shanti (peace).

Recordings

Find a copy of Bismillah Khan playing this. Hariprasad's Maestro's Choice CD has a great recording as well. Here is an mp3 of me playing Bhoopali; this recording features myself on bansuri and Chris Berry on electric guitar. This was the first piece we ever played together on flute and guitar. Recorded May 22, 2011 at the CB Felton Shack.

Lessons

Videos

Dr. Kerry Kriger gives an Introduction to Bhoopali on our YouTube Channel.

"Amazing work done by Dr Kerry Kriger on Gamaks. It is informative and interesting for students who are keen to learn bamboo flute. This is a great method and absolutely fantastic tutorial."
-- Maitreyee Sarcar

Gamak Practice

Gamak is a fundamental concept of Indian Classical Music, and I use a gamak on the vast majority of notes I play (other than when I am playing taans). My guru once told me: "Don't forget your gamaks!"

DDSS | RRGG | DDSS | RRGG
DDSS | RRGG | PPGG | RRS_

DDSS | RRGG | PPGG | RRS_
PPGG | RRS_ | PPGG | RRS_

***********************

DDDD SSSS RRRR GGGG PPPP GGGG RRRR SSSS
SSSS RRRR GGGG PPPP DDDD PPPP GGGG RRRR
RRRR GGGG PPPP DDDD SSSS DDDD PPPP GGGG
GGGG PPPP DDDD SSSS RRRR SSSS DDDD PPPP etc...

Tonguing

Set teental to 208 beats per minute and try tonguing this section at double speed.
To tongue at full speed go tookootookootookootookoo.
DDDD | SSSS | RRRR | GGG_    
DDDD | SSSS | RRR_ | GGG_
DDDD | SSS_ | RRR_ | GGG_
DDD_ | SSS_ | RRR_ | GGG_
PPPP | GGGG | RRRR | SSS_
PPPP | GGGG | RRR_ | SSS_
PPPP | GGG_ | RRR_ | SSS_
PPP_ | GGG_ | RRR_ | SSS_
Now practice gamaks by playing the above at one note per beat.

Alankars

Look down the left-most note in each row below. It equals SDPG RGPD, so each row drops a step from SDPG then returns upwards RGPD...this brings you back to high S. Go full speed (taan practice):

SDPG SDPG SDPG SDPG
DPGR DPGR DPGR DPGR
PGRS PGRS PGRS PGRS
GRSD GRSD GRSD GRSD
RSDP RSDP RSDP RSDP
GRSD GRSD GRSD GRSD
PGRS PGRS PGRS PGRS
DPGR DPGR DPGR DPGR

####
SDPG | RSDP | DSRG | PDS_ x4
####
SDPG | RSDP | SDPG | RSDP
SDPG | RSDP | DSRG | PDS_ x2
####
SDPG | SDPG | SDPG | RSDP
SDPG | RSDP | DSRG | PDS_
####

####################

SRSRSRS_ | RGRGRGR_ | GPGPGPG_ | PDPDPDP_
DSDSDSD_ | SRSRSRS_ | RGRGRGR_ | GPGPGPG_
GPGPGPG_ | RGRGRGR_ | SRSRSRS_ | DSDSDSD_
PDPDPDP_ | GPGPGPG_ | RGRGRGR_ | SRSRSRS_

Now similar to above, but inverted:

SDSDSDS_ | RSRSRSR_ | GRGRGRG_ | PGPGPGP
DPDPDPD_ | SDSDSDS_ | RSRSRSR_ | GRGRGRG
GRGRGRG_ | RSRSRSR_ | SDSDSDS_ | DPDPDPD
PGPGPGP_ | GRGRGRG_ | RSRSRSR_ | SDSDSDS

TIHAIS

Tihais are phrases that are repeated three times. They often end on or just prior to sum, which is the first note of the cycle.
Notation:
Brackets [ ] mean repeat the contents of the brackets three times.  [3x = tihai]

Sum to Sum:
[RGPDS_S_ | RGPDS_S_ | RGPDS_S_ | SDPGRSDS]

Vary it...
[RGPDS_S_ | RGPDS_S_ | RGPDS_S_ | SDPGRSDP]      
or
[RGPDS_S_ | RGPDS_S_ | RGPDS___ | SDPGRSDS]
[RGPDS_S_ | RGPDS___ | RGPDS___ | SDPGRSDS]
[RGPDS___ | RGPDS___ | RGPDS___ | SDPGRSDS]

[RGPDS___ | SDPGRSDS | SDPGRSDS | SDPGRSDS]

More Exercises

RGPDS___ | SDPGR___ | SRGPD___ | DPGRS___
DSRGP___ | PGRSD___ | PDSRG___ | GRSDP___
GRSDP___ | PGRSD___ | DPGRS___ | SDPGR___
SDPGR___ | DPGRS___ | PGRSD___ | GRSDP___

ADVANCED:
Going up...
PDSDPDRS | DSGRSRP_ x4
DSRSDSGR | SRPGRGD_ x4
SRGRSRPG | RGDPGPS_ X4
RGPGRGDP | GPSDSRG x4
Variation for last line: S'DS'PS'DSG | S'DSRP.D.S X4

Coming down...
SDPDSDGP | DPRGPGS_
DPGPDPRG | PGSRGRD_
PGRGPGSR | GRDSRSP_
GRSRGRDS | RSPDSRS_

Recommended Viewing

Hariprasad Chaurasia & Anindo Chatterjee early 1990's

Part 2: